A cable assembly is a group of cables joined into one single unit, usually overmolded and combined with some type of connector on at least one end. They may also feature a sleeve as part of their construction.
They are used to connect a machine to a power, data or networking signal. They reduce environmental damage and protect signal integrity from sources such as contamination from dirt and liquids, EMI and other electrical interference, and impact or strain from pulling or tugging on the cables.
Like wire harnesses, they maintain a clean and organized cabling system but are used in harsher environments.
These ready-to-install assemblies do not require stripping or terminating to attach connectors, thus simplifying machine design. Cable assemblies are used in a variety of applications such as mobile machinery, industrial automation, military, aerospace, oil and gas, and medical devices.